0.1.3 • Published 6 years ago

react-xstate v0.1.3

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6 years ago


Connecting react components with xstate state machine library.


react-xstate gives you easy access to xstate in the react world! ;)

Xstate allows you to improve state handling of your components by applying formal definition of a state machine including states and transitions. This allows you to better separate business logic from state handling and separate them into different files. You can use react-xstate to transition your UI-programming to model-driven-development which besides better code structure removes major error source and enables visual documentation.

The xstate library:

This library bases on the xstate by David Khourshid

React-xstate deepdive:

The xstate library implements the formal processing of state machines and leaves handling transitions, updating state and reducing actions to the user. This is where react-xstate comes into play and integrates state and transition handling directly into your react components, only by applying a state machine and action reducers and returning a xstate prop and a transition function. It also implements transition queueing to be able to fire transitions within action reducers.


  1. npm install react-xstate --save
  2. import { mountXstate } from 'react-xstate'


Mount the xstate machine to your component by applying a machine definition and at least one actionReducer to your component.

mountXstate(appMachine, [appReducer])(App)


This simple state machine implements an easy to use statechart that transitions between ping and pong and when you click in state ping you will trigger the consoleLog action.

State Machine

State Machine

const appMachine = {
  initial: 'pending',
  states: {
    ping: {
      on: {
        CLICK: {
          pong: { actions: ['consoleLog'] }
    pong: {
      on: {
        CLICK: 'ping',

Action Reducer

const appReducer = (action) => {
  if(action === 'consoleLog') {
    console.log('Fired action: consoleLog')

Stateful Component

class App extends Component {
  constructor(props) {
    this.handleSubmit = this.handleSubmit.bind(this);
  handleSubmit() {
    // See transition definition prop below  
    this.props.transition({ type: 'CLICK' })
  render() {
    const { xstate: { value: state } } = this.props
    console.log(`State: ${JSON.stringify(state)}`)
    return (
      <button onClick={this.handleSubmit}>Click</button>

export default mountXstate(appMachine, [appReducer])(App)


withXstate(statechart, actionReducer)(Component)

The withXstate higher-order component takes a statechart definition (see xstate), an array of actionReducers and a component. It adds and exposes two new props to your component: transition and xstate.

actionReducer(action, event, xstate)

ActionReducers are functions that are mounted onto the state machine and called upon every action execution. Return should be an object that is passed through as additional state onto the xstate prop.

actionstringReturns the current action called.
eventobjectAdditional payload of the transition triggering the action.
xstateobjectAccess the xstate component itself to e.g. call transition from action.
const reducer = (action, event, xstate) => {
  const { transition } = xstate
  if(action === 'loadData') {
    fetch(event.url, event.payload)
    return { loading: true }


transition(event): function

This function is hooked onto your components props and fires events towards your state machine. Expects an object with the event type and optionally and additional action payload that can be used by actionReducers to update the state.

handleClick = () => {
  this.props.transition({ type: 'FETCH', url: 'http://github.com' })

Queueing transitions

To enable transition chains by calling transition in action reducers we included a queued transition handling that queues transitions while there is already one transition happening.

xstate: object

This object exposes the state of the state machine, including action reduced state, to enable the user to build stateful component logic.

render = () => {
  const { xstate: { value: state } } = this.props
  return (
      {state === 'loading' && <div>Loading...</div>}

6 years ago


6 years ago


6 years ago


6 years ago