1.8.15 • Published 2 years ago

@andre.bonna/serverless-nextjs v1.8.15

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2
License
MIT
Repository
github
Last release
2 years ago

Serverless Nextjs Component

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A zero configuration Nextjs 9.0 serverless component with full feature parity.

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Contents

Motivation

Since Nextjs 8.0, serverless mode was introduced which provides a new low level API which projects like this can use to deploy onto different cloud providers. This project is a better version of the serverless plugin which focuses on addressing core issues like next 9 support, better development experience, the 200 CloudFormation resource limit and performance.

Design principles

  1. Zero configuration by default

There is no configuration needed. You can extend defaults based on your application needs.

  1. Feature parity with nextjs

Users of this component should be able to use nextjs development tooling, aka next dev. It is the component's job to deploy your application ensuring parity with all of next's features we know and love.

  1. Fast deployments / no CloudFormation resource limits.

With a simplified architecture and no use of CloudFormation, there are no limits to how many pages you can have in your application, plus deployment times are very fast! with the exception of CloudFront propagation times of course.

Features

Getting started

Add your next application to the serverless.yml:

# serverless.yml

myNextApplication:
  component: serverless-next.js@{version_here} # it is recommended you pin the latest stable version of serverless-next.js

Set your AWS credentials as environment variables:

AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=accesskey
AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=sshhh

And simply deploy:

$ serverless

Custom domain name

In most cases you wouldn't want to use CloudFront's distribution domain to access your application. Instead, you can specify a custom domain name.

You can use any domain name but you must be using AWS Route53 for your DNS hosting. To migrate DNS records from an existing domain follow the instructions here. The requirements to use a custom domain name:

  • Route53 must include a hosted zone for your domain (e.g. mydomain.com) with a set of nameservers.
  • You must update the nameservers listed with your domain name registrar (e.g. namecheap, godaddy, etc.) with those provided for your new hosted zone.

The serverless next.js component will automatically generate an SSL certificate and create a new record to point to your CloudFront distribution.

# serverless.yml

myNextApplication:
  component: serverless-next.js
  inputs:
    domain: "example.com" # sub-domain defaults to www

You can also configure a subdomain:

# serverless.yml

myNextApplication:
  component: serverless-next.js
  inputs:
    domain: ["sub", "example.com"] # [ sub-domain, domain ]

Custom CloudFront configuration

To specify your own CloudFront inputs, just add any aws-cloudfront inputs under cloudfront:

# serverless.yml

myNextApplication:
  component: serverless-next.js
  inputs:
    cloudfront:
      # this is the default cache behaviour of the cloudfront distribution
      # the origin-request edge lambda associated to this cache behaviour does the pages server side rendering
      defaults:
        forward:
          headers:
            [
              CloudFront-Is-Desktop-Viewer,
              CloudFront-Is-Mobile-Viewer,
              CloudFront-Is-Tablet-Viewer,
            ]
      # this is the cache behaviour for next.js api pages
      api:
        ttl: 10
      # you can set other cache behaviours like "defaults" above that can handle server side rendering
      # but more specific for a subset of your next.js pages
      /blog/*:
        ttl: 1000
        forward:
          cookies: "all"
          queryString: false
      /about:
        ttl: 3000
      # you can add custom origins to the cloudfront distribution
      origins:
        - url: /static
          pathPatterns:
            /wp-content/*:
              ttl: 10
        - url: https://old-static.com
          pathPatterns:
            /old-static/*:
              ttl: 10

This is particularly useful for caching any of your next.js pages at CloudFront's edge locations. See this for an example application with custom cache configuration.

Public directory caching

By default, common image formats(gif|jpe?g|jp2|tiff|png|webp|bmp|svg|ico) under /public or /static folders have a one-year Cache-Control policy applied(public, max-age=31536000, must-revalidate). You may customize either the Cache-Control header value and the regex of which files to test, with publicDirectoryCache:

myNextApplication:
  component: serverless-next.js
  inputs:
    publicDirectoryCache:
      value: public, max-age=604800
      test: /\.(gif|jpe?g|png|txt|xml)$/i

value must be a valid Cache-Control policy and test must be a valid regex of the types of files you wish to test. If you don't want browsers to cache assets from the public directory, you can disable this:

myNextApplication:
  component: serverless-next.js
  inputs:
    publicDirectoryCache: false

AWS Permissions

By default the Lambda@Edge functions run using AWSLambdaBasicExecutionRole which only allows uploading logs to CloudWatch. If you need permissions beyond this, like for example access to DynamoDB or any other AWS resource you will need your own custom policy arn:

# serverless.yml

myNextApplication:
  component: serverless-next.js
  inputs:
    policy: "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:policy/MyCustomPolicy"

Make sure you add CloudWatch log permissions to your custom policy.

Lambda At Edge Configuration

Both default and api edge lambdas will be assigned 512mb of memory by default. This value can be altered by assigning a number to the memory input

# serverless.yml

myNextApplication:
  component: serverless-next.js
  inputs:
    memory: 1024

Values for default and api lambdas can be separately defined by assigning memory to an object like so:

# serverless.yml

myNextApplication:
  component: serverless-next.js
  inputs:
    memory:
      defaultLambda: 1024
      apiLambda: 2048

The same pattern can be followed for specifying the Node.js runtime (nodejs12.x by default):

# serverless.yml

myNextApplication:
  component: serverless-next.js
  inputs:
    runtime:
      defaultLambda: "nodejs10.x"
      apiLambda: "nodejs10.x"

Similarly, the timeout by default is 10 seconds. To customise you can:

# serverless.yml

myNextApplication:
  component: serverless-next.js
  inputs:
    timeout:
      defaultLambda: 20
      apiLambda: 15

Note the maximum timeout allowed for Lambda@Edge is 30 seconds. See https://docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonCloudFront/latest/DeveloperGuide/lambda-requirements-limits.html

You can also set a custom name for default and api lambdas - if not the default is set by the aws-lambda serverless component to the resource id:

# serverless.yml

myNextApplication:
  component: serverless-next.js
  inputs:
    name:
      defaultLambda: fooDefaultLambda
      apiLambda: fooApiLambda

Architecture

architecture

Four Cache Behaviours are created in CloudFront.

The first two _next/* and static/* forward the requests to S3.

The third is associated to a lambda function which is responsible for handling three types of requests.

  1. Server side rendered page. Any page that defines getInitialProps method will be rendered at this level and the response is returned immediately to the user.

  2. Statically optimised page. Requests to pages that were pre-compiled by next to HTML are forwarded to S3.

  3. Public resources. Requests to root level resources like /robots.txt, /favicon.ico, /manifest.json, etc. These are forwarded to S3.

The reason why 2. and 3. have to go through Lambda@Edge first is because the routes don't conform to a pattern like _next/* or static/*. Also, one cache behaviour per route is a bad idea because CloudFront only allows 25 per distribution.

The fourth cache behaviour handles next API requests api/*.

Inputs

NameTypeDefault ValueDescription
domainArraynullFor example ['admin', 'portal.com']
bucketNamestringnullCustom bucket name where static assets are stored. By default is autogenerated.
nextConfigDirstring./Directory where your application next.config.js file is. This input is useful when the serverless.yml is not in the same directory as the next app. Note: nextConfigDir should be set if next.config.js distDir is used
nextStaticDirstring./If your static or public directory is not a direct child of nextConfigDir this is needed
runtimestring\|objectnodejs12.xWhen assigned a value, both the default and api lambdas will be assigned the runtime defined in the value. When assigned to an object, values for the default and api lambdas can be separately defined
memorynumber\|object512When assigned a number, both the default and api lambdas will be assigned memory of that value. When assigned to an object, values for the default and api lambdas can be separately defined
timeoutnumber\|object10Same as above
namestring\|object/When assigned a string, both the default and api lambdas will assigned name of that value. When assigned to an object, values for the default and api lambdas can be separately defined
buildboolean\|objecttrueWhen true builds and deploys app, when false assume the app has been built and uses the .next .serverless_nextjs directories in nextConfigDir to deploy. If an object is passed build allows for overriding what script gets called and with what arguments.
build.cmdstringnode_modules/.bin/nextBuild command
build.argsArray\|string['build']Arguments to pass to the build
build.cwdstring./Override the current working directory
build.enabledbooleantrueSame as passing build:false but from within the config
build.envobject{}Add additional environment variables to the script
cloudfrontobject{}Inputs to be passed to aws-cloudfront
publicDirectoryCacheboolean\|objecttrueCustomize the public/static folder asset caching policy. Assigning an object with value and/or test lets you customize the caching policy and the types of files being cached. Assigning false disables caching
useServerlessTraceTargetbooleanfalseUse the experimental-serverless-trace target to build your next app. This is the same build target that Vercel Now uses. See this RFC for details.

Custom inputs can be configured like this:

myNextApp:
  component: serverless-next.js
  inputs:
    bucketName: my-bucket

FAQ

My component doesn't deploy

Make sure your serverless.yml uses the serverless-components format. serverless components differ from the original serverless framework, even though they are both accessible via the same CLI.

Do

# serverless.yml
myNextApp:
  component: serverless-next.js

myTable:
  component: serverless/aws-dynamodb
  inputs:
    name: Customers
# other components

Don't

# serverless.yml
provider:
  name: aws
  runtime: nodejs10.x
  region: eu-west-1

myNextApp:
  component: serverless-next.js

Resources: ...

Note how the correct yaml doesn't declare a provider, Resources, etc.

For deploying, don't run serverless deploy. Simply run serverless and that deploys your components declared in the serverless.yml file.

For more information about serverless components go here.

Should I use the serverless-plugin or this component?

Users are encouraged to use this component instead of the serverless-plugin. This component was built and designed using lessons learned from the serverless plugin.

How do I interact with other AWS Services within my app?

See examples/dynamodb-crud for an example Todo application that interacts with DynamoDB.

CI/CD A new CloudFront distribution is created on every CI build. I wasn't expecting that

You need to commit your application state in source control. That is the files under the .serverless directory. The serverless team is currently working on remote state storage so this won't be necessary in the future.

My lambda is deployed to us-east-1. How can I deploy it to another region?

Serverless next.js is regionless. By design, serverless-next.js applications will be deployed across the globe to every CloudFront edge location. The lambda might look like is only deployed to us-east-1 but behind the scenes, it is replicated to every other region.

I require passing additional information into my build

See the sample below for an advanced build setup that includes passing additional arguments and environment variables to the build.

# serverless.yml
myDatabase:
  component: MY_DATABASE_COMPNENT
myNextApp:
  component: serverless-next.js
  build:
    args: ["build", "custom/path/to/pages"]
    env:
      DATABASE_URL: ${myDatabase.databaseUrl}

Contributing

Please see the contributing guide.

Contributors

Code Contributors

This project exists thanks to all the people who contribute. [Contribute].

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Become a financial contributor and help us sustain our community. [Contribute]

Individuals

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