2.0.0 • Published 3 months ago

react-polymorphic-types v2.0.0

Weekly downloads
2,050
License
MIT
Repository
github
Last release
3 months ago

react-polymorphic-types

Zero-runtime polymorphic component definitions for React

npm

Motivation

Being a successor to react-polymorphic-box, this project offers more accurate typings with less overhead.

Features

  • Automatic code completion, based on the value of the as prop
  • Static type checking against the associated component’s inferred props
  • HTML element name validation

Usage

A Heading component can demonstrate the effectiveness of polymorphism:

<Heading color="rebeccapurple">Heading</Heading>
<Heading as="h3">Subheading</Heading>

Custom components like the previous one may utilize the package as shown below.

import type { PolymorphicPropsWithoutRef } from "react-polymorphic-types";

// An HTML tag or a different React component can be rendered by default
export const HeadingDefaultElement = "h2";

// Component-specific props should be specified separately
export type HeadingOwnProps = {
  color?: string;
};

// Extend own props with others inherited from the underlying element type
// Own props take precedence over the inherited ones
export type HeadingProps<
  T extends React.ElementType = typeof HeadingDefaultElement
> = PolymorphicPropsWithoutRef<HeadingOwnProps, T>;

export function Heading<
  T extends React.ElementType = typeof HeadingDefaultElement
>({ as, color, style, ...restProps }: HeadingProps<T>) {
  const Element: React.ElementType = as || HeadingDefaultElement;
  return <Element style={{ color, ...style }} {...restProps} />;
}

⚠️ All the additional typings below will be deprecated as soon as microsoft/TypeScript#30134 is resolved.

With React.forwardRef

import * as React from "react";
import type {
  PolymorphicForwardRefExoticComponent,
  PolymorphicPropsWithoutRef,
  PolymorphicPropsWithRef
} from "react-polymorphic-types";
import { HeadingDefaultElement, HeadingOwnProps } from "./Heading";

export type HeadingProps<
  T extends React.ElementType = typeof HeadingDefaultElement
> = PolymorphicPropsWithRef<HeadingOwnProps, T>;

export const Heading: PolymorphicForwardRefExoticComponent<
  HeadingOwnProps,
  typeof HeadingDefaultElement
> = React.forwardRef(function Heading<
  T extends React.ElementType = typeof HeadingDefaultElement
>(
  {
    as,
    color,
    style,
    ...restProps
  }: PolymorphicPropsWithoutRef<HeadingOwnProps, T>,
  ref: React.ForwardedRef<Element>
) {
  const Element: React.ElementType = as || HeadingDefaultElement;
  return <Element ref={ref} style={{ color, ...style }} {...restProps} />;
});

With React.memo

import * as React from "react";
import type { PolymorphicMemoExoticComponent } from "react-polymorphic-types";
import { Heading, HeadingDefaultElement, HeadingOwnProps } from "./Heading";

export const MemoizedHeading: PolymorphicMemoExoticComponent<
  HeadingOwnProps,
  typeof HeadingDefaultElement
> = React.memo(Heading);

With React.lazy

import * as React from "react";
import type { PolymorphicLazyExoticComponent } from "react-polymorphic-types";
import type { HeadingDefaultElement, HeadingOwnProps } from "./Heading";

export const LazyHeading: PolymorphicLazyExoticComponent<
  HeadingOwnProps,
  typeof HeadingDefaultElement
> = React.lazy(async () => {
  const { Heading } = await import("./Heading");
  return { default: Heading };
});