1.1.0 • Published 2 months ago

transpiler-solidity v1.1.0

Weekly downloads
2
License
MIT
Repository
github
Last release
2 months ago

transpiler-solidity

A transpiler to Solidity that adds GCC macros and helper functions.

Why does this exist?

Solidity codes runs on the Etheruem Virtual Machine, an environment where every operation has a fixed cost. To keep processing costs low, it often makes sense to use Solidity Assembly to manually optimize storage (memory) operations. This transpiler provides tooling and language features to make Solidity Assembly more managable. This tool was build to assist in the developement Decentralized Clearing Network by merkleX.

Runtime Requirements

  • gcc
  • npm & node

Usage

npm i -g transpiler-solidity
transpiler-solidity file.sol > output.sol

Added Assembly Functions

pointer(type, array_start_pointer, index)

Gives the storage address for an item in an array.

pragma solidity 0.5.7;

#define TRANSPILE

contract Ex {
  struct Item {
    uint64[8] numbers;
  }

  Item[1024] items;

  function foo() public {
    assembly {
      // let item_ptr := add(items_slot, mul(2, 10))
      let item_ptr := pointer(Item, items_slot, 10)
    }
  }
}

pointer_attr(type, object_pointer, attribute_name)

Gives the storage address for an object's attribute.

pragma solidity 0.5.7;

#define TRANSPILE

contract Ex {
  struct Item {
    uint64[8] numbers;
    uint64 a;
    uint64 b;
    uint64 c;
    uint64 d;
    uint256 e;
  }

  Item[1024] items;

  function foo() public {
    assembly {
      // let item_ptr := add(items_slot, mul(4, 10))
      let item_ptr := pointer(Item, items_slot, 10)
      // let e_ptr := add(item_ptr, 3)
      let e_ptr := pointer_attr(Item, item_ptr, e)

      let e := sload(e_ptr)
      sstore(e_ptr, add(e, 1))
    }
  }
}

byte_offset(type, attribute_name)

Byte offset of a attribute inside of a type.

pragma solidity 0.5.7;

#define TRANSPILE

contract Ex {
  struct Item {
    uint64[8] numbers;
    uint64 a;
    uint64 b;
    uint64 c;
    uint64 d;
    uint256 e;
  }

  uint64 foo;

  function foo(bytes memory input) public {
    assembly {
      // let b_offset := 72
      let b_offset := byte_offset(Item, b)
      let b := mload(add(add(input, 32), b_offset))

      sstore(foo_slot, b)
    }
  }
}

build(type, word, attributes...) | build_with_mask(type, word, attributes...)

Packs the data of an object. build_with_mask will mask each attribute to ensure attributes are not corrupted if the attribute is larger than allowed size.

pragma solidity 0.5.7;

#define TRANSPILE

contract Ex {
  struct Item {
    uint64 a;
    uint64 b;
    uint64 c;
    uint64 d;
    uint128 e;
    uint128 f;
  }

  Item item;

  function foo() public {
    assembly {
      // let data_0 := or(or(or(
      //   /* a */ mul(1, 0x1000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000),
      //   /* b */ mul(2, 0x100000000000000000000000000000000)),
      //   /* c */ mul(3, 0x10000000000000000)),
      //   /* d */ 4)

      let data_0 := build(Item, 0,
        /* a */ 1,
        /* b */ 2,
        /* c */ 3,
        /* d */ 4
      )

      // let data_1 := or(
      //     /* e */ mul(5, 0x100000000000000000000000000000000),
      //     /* f */ 6)

      let data_1 := build(Item, 1,
        /* e */ 5,
        /* f */ 6
      )

      sstore(item_slot, data_0)
      sstore(add(item_slot, 1), data_1)
    }
  }
}

attr(type, word, object_data, attribute_name)

Extracts an attribute from an object.

pragma solidity 0.5.7;

#define TRANSPILE

contract Ex {
  struct Item {
    uint64 a;
    uint64 b;
    uint64 c;
    uint64 d;
    uint128 e;
    uint128 f;
  }

  Item item;

  function foo() public {
    assembly {
      let item_data_0 := sload(item_slot)
      let item_data_1 := sload(add(item_slot, 1))

      // let b := and(div(item_data_0, 0x100000000000000000000000000000000), 0xffffffffffffffff)
      let b := attr(Item, 0, item_data_0, b)
      // let f := and(item_data_1, 0xffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff)
      let f := attr(Item, 1, item_data_1, f)
    }
  }
}

fn_hash(fn_signature)

Hashes a function signture for Solidity's calling semantics.

pragma solidity 0.5.7;

#define TRANSPILE

contract Ex {
  function foo() public {
    assembly {
     // let function_hash := /* fn_hash("transfer(address,uint256)") */ 0xa9059cbb00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
      let function_hash := fn_hash("transfer(address,uint256)")
      // ...
    }
  }
}

log_event(event_type, memory_pointer, arguments...)

Logs an event

pragma solidity 0.5.7;

#define TRANSPILE

contract Ex {
  event UserCreated(uint64 user_id);

  function foo() public {
    uint256[2] memory log_data_mem;

    assembly {
      let user_id := 5

      // /* Log event: UserCreated */
      // mstore(log_data_mem, user_id)
      // log1(log_data_mem, 32, /* UserCreated */ 0x654a5f371dd267582fdba132709448f256a549360e2ce54ccb3699d3b8ed2394)
      log_event(UserCreated, log_data_mem, user_id)
    }
  }
}

mask_out(type, word, attributes...)

Mask out the data occupied by a set of attributes. Often used to update a single attribute in an object.

pragma solidity 0.5.7;

#define TRANSPILE

contract Ex {
  struct Item {
    uint64 a;
    uint64 b;
    uint64 c;
    uint64 d;
  }

  Item item;

  function foo() public {
    uint256[2] memory log_data_mem;

    assembly {
      let item_data_0 := sload(item_slot)

      // let a := and(div(item_data_0, 0x1000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000), 0xffffffffffffffff)
      let a := attr(Item, 0, item_data_0, a)
      // let c := and(div(item_data_0, 0x10000000000000000), 0xffffffffffffffff)
      let c := attr(Item, 0, item_data_0, c)

      a := add(a, 20)
      c := add(c, 10)

      item_data_0 := or(
        // and(item_data_0, 0xffffffffffffffff0000000000000000ffffffffffffffff)
        and(item_data_0, mask_out(Item, 0, c, a)),
        // see build example
        build(Item, 0,
          /* a */ a,
          /* b */ 0,
          /* c */ c,
          /* d */ 0
      ))

      sloat(item_slot, item_data_0)
    }
  }
}

sizeof(type)

Returns the byte size of a struct type.

pragma solidity 0.5.7;

#define TRANSPILE

contract Ex {
  struct Item {
    uint64 a;
    uint64 b;
    uint64 c;
  }

  Item item;

  function foo(bytes memory input) public {
    assembly {
      let input_len := mload(input)

      // if iszero(eq(input_len, 24)) {
      if iszero(eq(input_len, sizeof(Item))) {
        revert(0, 0)
      }
    }
  }
}

const_add(items...) | const_sub(a, b)

Adds or substracts constant numbers

pragma solidity 0.5.7;

#define TRANSPILE

contract Ex {
  function foo(bytes memory input) public {
    assembly {
      // let a := 26
      let a := const_add(1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)
      // let b := 4
      let b := const_sub(5, 1)
      // let c := -3
      let c := const_sub(5, 8)
    }
  }
}

Acknowledgements

SEE LICENSE

License

SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT